Inside: Experts share their top positive parenting techniques for raising emotionally healthy and well-adjusted children.
Parenting often feels like a fifty-sided Rubik’s cube, deceivingly simple before you really get into it, but seemingly impossible to figure out when you’re in the thick of things.
Instead of contending with brightly colored toys, parents find themselves sorting out variables such as their own upbringing, and expectations of others and wading through the massive amount of parenting information at our fingertips.
Oh, and then there’s the small task of taking into account each child’s individual needs and challenges.
It’s no wonder we often go to bed questioning whether or not we’re giving our children what they’ll need to survive out there in the world someday.
In an effort to help you will the neverending puzzle we call parenting, here are five positive parenting techniques that help raise emotionally healthy kids (and as a bonus improve their behaviors too).
These concepts are supported by some of the leading experts in the fields of positive parenting and behavioral science.
5 Positive Parenting Techniques explained by experts
Connection is key
At the root of our humanness is the need for connection. The need for intimate and meaningful relationships is present in our wiring at birth and throughout our lives. While the focus in parenting is often on tips and techniques to render our children into compliance, research seems to be telling us we’re overlooking our main source of influence, a strong connection with our child.
Author Rebecca Eanes notes “The truth is children want to please parents they feel deeply connected to. They more readily listen, cooperate, and take advice from a connected, warm, and loving parent.”
This theory has roots in developmental psychology also, relating back to the vital importance of infants establishing a healthy attachment with their caregiver. Prominent developmental psychologist Dr. Gordon Neufeld states, “When a child is in right relationship to the parent, not only is the child rendered receptive to parenting but the parent is empowered to do the job. Therefore the key to how to be a good parent lies not in what we do but in who we are to our children.”
Self-reflection is paramount
Most parents want to be responsive to their child as opposed to reactive. In order to do so, it is vital that parents are in tune with not only our child’s emotions but also our own. Why? So we aren’t entering into daily interactions harboring thoughts and emotions that will be a hindrance to our parenting.
If we are feeling resentful and angry that we got four hours of sleep last night, we won’t be able to effectively respond to our pre-schooler’s tantrum. When we become self-aware we can parent consciously and not project our own emotional needs onto our children.
We can achieve this awareness by shifting our focus inward and learning to be present with our own thoughts and feelings states, as well as how they shape our interactions with our child. Dr. Shefali Tsabary, a pioneer in the conscious parenting movement lays it out as follows,
“You need to be aware of your behavior, your energy, your presence, and the more aware you become, the more you catch your discrepancies.”
Basically, the more self-aware we are, the better able we’ll be to interact with our child in a way that contributes to the harmony and emotional health of our family and learn how to be a positive parent.
Look at negative behaviors in a new light
There’s no doubt that for most of us our knee-jerk tendency is to look at our child’s behavior on the surface level which greatly affects our approach to disciplining a child. This approach often leads to personalizing and misinterpreting our children’s actions which . However, if we can make the paradigm shift from focusing on surface behaviors to what our child’s behaviors are communicating to us, it will be a life-changing positive parenting technique.
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Ariadne Brill of Positive Parenting Connection expands on this, “ Misbehavior isn’t always what it seems and so it doesn’t always require “discipline” as much as it requires a parent willing to decode or understand what is going on underneath it all. If a child is choosing to misbehave, it’s because they need guidance from someone that they can trust to find a better path.”
Thanks to neuroscience we now know the way the brain works is that our actions follow suit after our thoughts and feelings. Therefore, any behavior is an extension of what’s currently going on ‘behind the curtain’ or an indication of the state of our child’s mind and heart.
When it comes to how to discipline a child without emotional damage, if we are in tune with our child’s underlying needs not only do we address the root cause of the issue, we also avoid unnecessary shame and criticism in reaction to challenging behaviors, which holds the potential over time to negatively impact our child’s mental health.
Listen to your child
Listening. Something so simple, but such an amazingly powerful positive parenting technique.
While the recommendation to ‘listen to your child’ may not sound like earth-shattering advice, it truly is.
The power of being listened to and feeling heard is remarkable for both children and adults alike. Think about it. What’s the best relief from pent-up frustration at the end of a busy day? It is almost always a sympathetic ear.
When a parent takes the time to pause and really listen to their child, their actions convey many powerful messages. I care about you. You are an important human being. You are worthy of my time and full attention. I see you.
Parents can be supportive listeners by giving their child full attention, reflecting back what they hear, and doing their best to resist jumping in. It is truly amazing how even a young child can work through their own challenges when given space to do so.
Dr. Laura Markham of Ahaparenting.com offers these wise words, “The sweet spot here is to empathize so your child knows you understand what’s she’s feeling, but to also communicate your wordless confidence that this too shall pass, and someday life will be good again.” Perfect.
Get to know your child better
Sometimes parents forget that their child is their own unique and amazing human being (as opposed to a whiny appendage following us around asking for fruit snacks). Your child has gifts, challenges, and passions that drive them from the core of their being. As parents, we have the honor of helping our children discover that spark.
Getting to know our child means not only discovering who they are in their personality traits and character strengths but also knowing where they are in their development at any given time. Children go through a myriad of developmental stages as they grow, and the way they learn and interact with the world around them will change in each.
If we’re aiming to be an effective parent and fully support our child, it makes sense that our parenting would need to be adjusted to meet our child’s current cognitive and emotional functioning, as parent coach Nicole Schwarz reminds us, “It would be nice if you could just pick a parenting strategy and be set until your kids turn 18. Unfortunately, as your kids grow, your parenting needs to grow too!”
Positive parenting techniques steer your child towards a future of emotional health
If you are invested in working hard on the ever-changing puzzle that parenting is, feel confident in the positive energy and change positive parenting skills will make. It certainly comes a lot easier to let that Rubix cube sit on the bookshelf gathering dust, where our thoughts and ideas are safely unchallenged.
When you strive for connection, self-awareness, and a deeper understanding of your child, you’ll quickly earn the title of parenting ‘speed-cuber’ (yes that is an actual a term people train for and label themselves as, in the Rubix cube circuit) and the best part?
You’ll be setting your child up for a healthy self-concept and a life-long framework for emotionally healthy relationships.
This article was also featured in the Huffington Post.
Angela Pruess, LMFT, is a Child and Family Therapist and special needs parent on a mission to support and empower parents of behaviorally challenging kids. She wants to make life easier for you by decoding your child’s maddening behaviors, as well as their developmental and emotional needs. When she’s not supporting parents, or seeing kids in her private practice, she is at home being challenged (a lot) by her own three kids (and sometimes husband). Come join the Parents with Confidence tribe on facebook. Get your FREE guide “Become A More Confident Parent in Five Minutes—The 5 Best Things A Parent Could Ever Do For Their Child” here.